These are the 4 Benefits of Peas for Body Health
Of the various types of nuts available, what are your favorite nuts? Although small in size, all types of nuts generally store a number of important nutrients to support the health of the body. One of them is peas which are usually available in frozen peas or already packed in cans. In order to understand more about peas, see the following review, let’s!
What are the nutrients in peas?
Peas are one of the many types of beans with round, small, and distinctive green shapes that look fresh.
Uniquely, these beans are often classified into groups of vegetables because they are often processed together with various other vegetables. In fact, one type of bean is included in the legume family, which is a plant that produces seeds in it. In addition to peas, several other plants such as lentils and beans also belong to the legume group.
Each bean that has the Latin name Pisum sativum L contains a myriad of nutrients that are good for the body. A cup of 160 gram (gr) peas contains around:
Calories: 125 calories
Protein: 8.2 gr
Fiber: 8.8 gr
Protein: 5.6 gr
Manganese: 22 percent of daily needs
Vitamin K: 48 percent of daily needs
Vitamin B1 (thiamine): 30 percent of daily needs
Vitamin B9 (folate): 24 percent of daily needs
Just like other types of beans, peas are also a good source of fiber and protein to meet the body’s daily needs. Not only that, but these beans also store many antioxidants that can help the body to ward off free radical attacks.
In order to get a good amount of nutrients from these beans, you can buy them in the market with a form that is still intact or has been processed into a product. If you have gone through a processing process, usually these beans will be packaged in canned or frozen products.
Quoting from the Healthline page, there are actually several varieties or kinds of peas available. Starting from yellow (yellow peas), black (black-eyed peas), and purple (purple peas).
What are the benefits of peas?
Various studies have tried to prove the good benefits of this type of nut for health, such as:
1. Helps maintain blood sugar
low insulin levels
A study in 2011 published in the British Journal of Nutrition, tested a group of people who were overweight and had high cholesterol levels. The results showed that eating 50 grams of processed flour or whole peas per day for 28 days turned out to help reduce insulin resistance.
In fact, according to another study in 2012 in a similar journal, found that peas are one of the foods with a low glycemic index. The glycemic index is a value that states how fast carbohydrate sources can affect blood sugar levels in the body.
Every food has a different glycemic index value. The smaller the glycemic index value of food, of course, the rising sugar levels after eating these foods will be slower. Vice versa.
In other words, peas are a type of bean that is well consumed by people with diabetes, because it will not cause blood sugar to rise.
2. Reducing the risk of kidney disease due to hypertension
early symptoms of kidney disease
Fiber-rich foods are proven to be good at keeping blood pressure stable while preventing problems or inflammation in the heart. This was also proven by Dr. Rotimi Aluko, a food expert at the University of Manitoba, Canada. Aluko explained that high blood pressure or hypertension is a major risk factor for people who have chronic kidney disease.
Not infrequently, people with kidney disease who have entered the final stage must routinely do dialysis and kidney transplants because of the severity of the disease. Starting from here, Dr. Rotimi found that protein from peas has the potential to prevent kidney damage in people who have hypertension.
Instead of eating nuts in their whole form, limited research is being done on these experimental animals trying to extract pea protein which is processed into pill and powder form.
3. Healthy digestive system
Research shows that this type of nut turns out to be beneficial for the digestive system to work. For people who are experiencing digestive problems, such as constipation, peas can be one of the right food choices.
The reason is, the fiber content in these beans will help facilitate the movement of the intestines in absorbing food. These results are also supported by a study published in the Journal of the American Dietetic Association, which says that eating peas can overcome constipation and promote bowel movements.
Directly, it will certainly reduce the frequency of consumption of laxatives which are usually used to treat constipation.
4. Rich in antioxidants
foods high in antioxidants
Peas are one of the natural sources of nutrition that contribute a lot of antioxidants. The human body can actually produce its own antioxidants. However, the intake of antioxidants from outside is also needed by the body to provide sufficient supplies, so that it is stronger in counteracting free radical attacks.
Free radicals should not be underestimated because they can increase the risk of cancer, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, arteriosclerosis, and so on. No need to worry, because routine eating peas and processed foods will contribute to various antioxidants for the body.
Take for example, such as polyphenols, lutein and phenolic compounds, which will help protect the body against disease attacks. In fact, lutein compounds are believed to maintain, optimize vision function, while avoiding cataracts and macular degeneration.